How are bird migrations visualized?

Fig 1. National Geographic’s interactive map illustrating migration patterns for birds in the American continent. From ‘Billions of Birds Migrate-Where do they go?’ (borrowed from: www.nationalgeographic.com (https://goo.gl/cHbW4H) Accessed on: 6:00 PM (EST), December 2, 2018)

Abstract

Introduction

Background

Fig 2. Fresco depicting two Egyptian Geese of Meidum 2650 BC Egyptian Museum of Antiquities Cairo Egypt. (borrowed from: www.ancient-origins.net (https://goo.gl/zZm881) Accessed on: 1:13 PM (EST), December 2, 2018 )

History of bird migration

Origin

“Even the stork in the sky knows her seasons

And the turtledove, swift, and crane

Keep the time of their coming.”

Fig 3. A net full of swallows by Olaus Magnus (1500s). (borrowed from: http://www.gutenberg.org/ (https://goo.gl/CDfKsa) Accessed on: 1:47 PM (EST), December 2, 2018)

Eighteenth-Century

Nineteenth Century

Ringing method

Counting method

Origin

Mapping

Moonwatching

Infrared Detectors

Fig 4. Thermal images showing (a) sequence of female Barn Owl Tyto alba in flight (AGA 782), (b) Zebra Finch Taeniopygia guttata clutch in nestbox and © thermal survey of Feral Pigeons Columba livia (FLIR E300). (borrowed from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/ibi.12010), Accessed on: 10:55 PM (EST), December 4, 2018)

Citizen Science

Fig 5. [Left] Animated visualization of 118 bird species for cyclic seasons in a year. [Right] Species Index (borrowed from: www.allaboutbirds.org (https://goo.gl/aKnZL6) Accessed on: 2:49 PM (EST), December 2, 2018)
Fig 6. Map showing hot spots for a selected bird species in a given time and location. (borrowed from: https://ebird.org/map Accessed on: 2:52 PM (EST), December 2, 2018)
Fig 7. Map species observed hotspots across the world (borrowed from: https://ebird.org/hotspots Accessed on: 2:59 PM (EST), December 2, 2018)
Fig 8. Map showing species data card for Assateague State Park(borrowed from: https://ebird.org/hotspots Accessed on: 2:59 PM (EST), December 2, 2018)
Fig 9. Dashboard showing the various species sighted at a given location along with metadata like comments and pictures for birders. It also contains recent sightings and a leaderboard for top eBirders. (borrowed from: https://ebird.org/hotspots Accessed on: 2:59 PM (EST), December 2, 2018)
Fig 10. Dashboard showing the frequency of bird sightings in each month over a given time period for a given location. (borrowed from: https://ebird.org/hotspots Accessed on: 2:59 PM (EST), December 2, 2018)
Fig 11. Journey north map showing hummingbird sightings over a period of time. (borrowed from: maps.journeynorth.org Accessed on: 3:21 PM (EST), December 2, 2018)
Fig 12. Birders are encouraged to keep food and water in their backyards for birds at popular resting stopovers. (borrowed from: www.journeynorth.org Accessed on: 3:30 PM (EST), December 2, 2018)

Radio Telemetry

zFig 13. GPS unit with a mini solar panel on a Swainson’s Hawk at Raptor Recovery Nebraska.(borrowed from: https://www.audubon.org/news/tracking-birds-migration-paths-online, Accessed on: 3:45 PM (EST), December 2, 2018)

Satellite Tracking

Fig 14. Birds migrating towards Africa. Green moving points are the birds with PTTs. Many birds die after getting trapped in bird nets on the coasts of Libya and Egypt (shown in red). (borrowed from: Migrating Birds: Scouts of Distant Worlds by Petra Höfer, Freddie Röckenhaus on Amazon Prime)
Fig 15. Screenshot mapping the bird's movements as it moves in the lift of hot air currents. (borrowed from: Migrating Birds: Scouts of Distant Worlds by Petra Höfer, Freddie Röckenhaus on Amazon Prime)

Geologgers

Fig 16. Geologger attached to a common swift. (borrowed from: http://www.migratetech.co.uk/geolocators_8.html, Accessed on: 3:430 PM (EST), December 2, 2018))

Radar

Fig 17. Animated map showing flock of birds appearing on the radar. They suddenly bloom and then disappear. (borrowed from: Weather Radar Captures Flocks of Birds Taking Off by Hannah Waters(https://goo.gl/hpnNXV), Accessed on: 5:05 PM (EST), December 2, 2018)

Significance of Bird Migration Visualization

Community and Scientific Outreach

Fig 18. Real-time analysis maps showing the intensity of bird migration as detected by the US weather radar network. (borrowed from: http://birdcast.info/live-migration-maps/ Accessed on: 5:53 PM (EST), December 2, 2018)

Education and awareness

Fig 19. National Geographic’s migration poster (available as an art collectible). (borrowed from: www.art.com (https://goo.gl/bjBiv9), Accessed on: 6:53 PM (EST), December 2, 2018)
Fig 20. Illustrative representations of migration paths for [Left] Storks [Right] pigeons. (borrowed from: Atlas of Bird Migration: Tracing the Great Journeys of the Worlds (2011)-Jonathan Elphick )
Fig 21. Peggy uses her unique watercolor style to visualize some common birds and butterflies as they take on the perilous journeys of migration. (borrowed from: The Art of Migration by John Bates , James H. Boone and Peggy Macnamara (Illustrator))
Fig 22. Screenshots from their interactive article showing migration patterns for a[left]Wood Thrust and [right] Western Tanager . The article is titled ‘Billions of Birds Migrate-Where do they go?’. (borrowed from: www.nationalgeographic.com (https://goo.gl/cHbW4H) Accessed on: 6:00 PM (EST), December 2, 2018)
Fig 23. Motion map showing the movement of birds, mammals and amphibians as climate changes. (borrowed from: http://maps.tnc.org/migrations-in-motion/#5/38.376/-104.985, Accessed on: 6:08 PM (EST), December 2, 2018)

Conclusion

Acknowledgments

References

  1. Walters, M.(2003), A Concise History of Ornithology
  2. Danny, M.(2016), Long hops: Making sense of Bird Migration
  3. Mayr, E. (1984). Commentary: The Contributions of Ornithology to Biology. BioScience, 34(4), 250–255.
  4. Bibby, C.J. (2003). “Fifty years of Bird Study: Capsule Field ornithology is alive and well, and in the future can contribute much more in Britain and elsewhere”. Bird Study. 50 (3): 194–210. doi:10.1080/00063650309461314.
  5. https://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/painting-considered-masterpiece-ancient-egypt-may-be-1870s-fake-002851, Accessed on: 7:45 PM (EST), December 2, 2018
  6. https://www.allaboutbirds.org/the-basics-how-why-and-where-of-bird-migration/, Accessed on: 7:45 PM (EST), December 2, 2018
  7. https://ebird.org/news/counting-101/, Accessed on: 10:17 PM (EST), December 4, 2018
  8. Migrating Birds: Scouts of Distant Worlds by Petra Höfer, Freddie Röckenhaus on Amazon Prime, Accessed on: 8:00 PM (EST), December 4, 2018

--

--

--

Data . Design . Stories and more at https://www.arushisingh.net/

Love podcasts or audiobooks? Learn on the go with our new app.

Recommended from Medium

What is data science for?

Hypothesis Testing in Simple Terms

Is Bed mattress Sale Supplies a Good time To BuyThem? https://t.co/etqBOmLnMJ

Learn In-Demand Data Science Skills With the ODSC East 2021 Bootcamp

Music in Python Part 2

Avoid These Data Management Mistakes to Make Better Business Decisions And Lower Costs

The Importance of Feature Stores, Machine Learning Failures, Decision Trees, and Jobs

System Design Basics: Client-Server Architecture

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store
Arushi Singh

Arushi Singh

Data . Design . Stories and more at https://www.arushisingh.net/

More from Medium

New TouchOSC Tutorial #3: Send Data to TouchDesigner with OSC (CHOP)

List in new python version 3.10.x with new features

The differential — Part 2

Adding calculations in Google Forms